What Fruit and Vegetables can Parrot Eat?

Quaker eating strawberry

For pet parents, the biggest dilemma is always about their diet; whether a food item is worth serving or not; what is the best way to serve it; are all some of the likely queries. And a brigade of solutions only adds more fuel to the fire. So, this article is strictly focused on one of the most searched questions: What fruits and vegetables can be served to pet parrots? 

How to serve fruits & veggies to Parrots? 

The feed of parrots should largely involve fruits, vegetables, nuts, and insects. And of those, fruits and vegetables must dominate his platter. But many of us serve it all the wrong way. So what is the right way? 

  • The foremost rule of serving fruits and vegetables to your bird is to offer it all fresh. Nothing stale must be allowed to be eaten by the bird as harmful bacteria must have invaded the feed. 
  • Any kind of toxins must not be fed to the little birds in any way. So before serving the fresh produce, make sure to wash it thoroughly to remove any chemical or pesticide stick to the surface.
  • Avoid feeding them all kinds of processed or canned fruits as they are loaded with sugar and other artificial sweeteners like corn syrup. They might also be loaded with preservatives and vegetable oils. All such unnatural additives can prove harmful to the bird.
  • Fruits that are dried at home and stored in a deep-freezer can, however, be served to the parrots as they pose no danger to the bird. Make sure to leave them for thawing before serving. Examples of such fruits are cranberries, currants, and raisins. 
  • The most-widely known toxic food for the parrots is the ones with pits. The pits of fruits like avocados, apricots, rhubarb, persimmons, pears, and cherries are known to contain cyanide in trace amounts. Hence, they must be kept off the list always. 
  • Lastly, seeds of fruits like apples must always be carefully removed. Though they aren’t toxic for the parrots as such but have been quite infamous for making the little bird choke on it. 

In case of any confusion, the best word of caution is ‘Do not serve anything to your bird that you wouldn’t eat.’

Thumb Rule to know if a food can be served to Parrot

Before following the serving rules, it is imperative to find out whether a food item is even worth going to your parrot’s platter or not. There are contradicting suggestions about many foods with every person offering his unique version. But the best logic is to go for the scientific route:

  • All fruits and vegetables that aren’t too acidic are not harmful to the birds. Hence, check the pH level of the food item that you want to serve your bird. That said, looking only for the pH level is also half the work done as every food item has a different impact on the body. 
  • For instance, citrus fruits like lemons are acidic but have alkalizing effects on the body. Hence, considering both the pH level and acidifying/alkalizing effect of the food item is imperative. 

To know the acidity of any fruit or vegetable, look for its pH level. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14; with anything below 7 is acidic (with 0 being deadliest even for humans) and must be off the charts for parrots’ feed. All the foods that are above 7 on the pH scale are basic or alkaline and are considered great for all birds including parrots. 7 is neutral and isn’t harmful either. Add to it, its effect on the body. 

Frequently Asked Questions about popular Parrot foods

The range of any food item on the pH scale can be easily found. Trust the government-run websites or the ones with research databases like NCBI, PubMed, or other such legitimate medical websites to find the acidity level of any food. Let’s learn the decision-making process while solving the most Googled questions in the category.

Can Parrots eat Grapes?

The pH level of grapes falls between 3.5 to 4.5, thus making them slightly acidic. Though acidic, they have an alkalizing effect on the body and hence are completely safe for parrots. That said, it is always advised to keep their amount minimal on your parrot’s platter with parrots like budgies offered as less as half a grape daily. A single grape can be offered to conures and similar-sized birds. There are two reasons for this:

  • Just like mangoes, grapes are loaded with sugars. Though it is all-natural, the quantity is too high to alter the blood sugar levels of the parrot or cause obesity;
  • As per the U.S. Department of Agriculture, residues of 56 different types of pesticides are generally found on grapes. Hence, even a trace of any of these can prove fatal for the sensitive system of parrots. 

Can Parrots eat Bananas? 

Bananas are slightly acidic in nature and range anywhere between 4.50 to 5.20 depending on how ripe they are. That said, they have an alkalizing effect on the body and thus, are considered safe for parrots. Where they are a great food when sliced/diced for smaller parrots like budgies, for larger birds like Macaws, bananas add up as a foraging food item. Big parrots love to peel the fruit off themselves, unlike smaller parrots. But don’t forget to wash off the peel properly for all the chemicals that probably stick to the surface.

Can Parrots Eat Strawberries?

The pH level of strawberries is between 3 to 3.5 but they have an alkalizing effect on the body as it is full of antioxidants and binds with acids in the stomach to cure acid reflux. Hence, they are safe for parrots. Many parrot owners have claimed that their parrots love to pick off the seeds of strawberries and then eat them all. Parrots find it entertaining. That said, be ready to clean the little mess created by your bird around the cage. Also, strawberries are among the most contaminated fruits when it comes to pesticides stuck on the surface. So, make sure to wash them properly before serving. 

Quaker eating strawberry

Can Parrots Eat Watermelon?

Parrots love the juicy flesh of the watermelon and it also happens to be a safe fruit for them with a pH of 5.2 to 5.6. A fully ripened watermelon binds with the acids in the stomach and has an alkalizing effect on the body making it perfectly safe for parrot consumption. Many parrots are said to love picking the seeds off and eating the flesh themselves. That said, the rind of the fruit is considered a bit toxic and is advised to be taken off before serving. This is because it contains traces of pesticides that are seeped in from the porous surface of the fruit. 

Can Parrots eat Tomatoes? 

The pH of tomatoes is between 4 to 4.5 but have an alkalizing effect on the body. That said, many people claim they are causing ulcers in the stomachs of their parrots. A few of the sensitive birds have even reported being throwing up blood if fed tomatoes regularly for a few days. But hardly anyone knows the real reason behind it. 

Tomatoes belong to the Nightshade Plant Family that have good as well as bad alkaloids in them. And the latter plays the culprit here. For laymen, bad alkaloids can be called toxins. This makes tomatoes unsafe for human consumption too when uncooked. So, the best way is to serve just the flesh of tomatoes and remove all the seeds and fluid parts. Also, do not serve the stem and leaves of tomato to parrots as they are high in bad alkaloids and can cause instant death of the bird owing to sudden poisoning. 

Can Parrots eat Cucumbers?

Cucumbers have a pH ranging from 5.12 to 5.78 and have an alkalizing effect on the body. They are great for parrots and pose no danger to them. But it is best to serve them peeled as they are coated with a waxy coating or vaseline for preservation which can be harmful to the bird if ingested. Alternatively, scrub or wash them a few times Or go for the organic homegrown feed only.

Summing Up

When parrots are served fresh fruits and vegetables, a lot of water goes into their system. The more flesh the fruit has, the more it adds to the body. And the result is frequent urination and/or softer or watery aka Polyuria. This may drain a small number of water-soluble minerals from the parrot’s body. Though there are side effects of it, to avoid the situation, the best way is to sun-dry the fruits and veggies that have extremely high water content before serving. That said, Polyuria must not be confused with Diarrhea, a condition that needs urgent medical attention. Lastly, any fruit and vegetable can be served to parrots by checking its acidity level and its alkalizing effect on the body. 

About ali.demirovic

Hello everyone, I'm Ali from Sarajevo, Bosnia. In my home, I have a Quaker parrot and a Lovebird. My love for parrots started when I was a kid, beginning with a small blue budgie. He was with me his whole life, and I learned a lot about caring for parrots with him. The most recent addition to my family is a female Lovebird, who I got from a local shop. It's been quite a journey to tame her. She's still a bit shy and likes her own space, but she's quite friendly when she's out of her cage. On this website, I'll share my experiences with these amazing birds. I'll also post any useful information I find about keeping parrots. I hope this site will be helpful and interesting for anyone who loves these wonderful birds as much as I do.

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